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indigeneous textile weaving in KALINGA

 Essay regarding indigeneous textile weaving in KALINGA

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INTRODUCTION

Linen weaving is a form of art that has been performed in the Philippines since pre-colonial times. Every ethnic group has its own particular kind of linen, motifs, and method of production. The people of the Cordilleras weave blanket and attire with a backstrap loom.  T'boli people first tie-dye abaca strings in the planet tones before weaving these people into a textile called t'nalak (Guillermo, Alice G. " A great Essay upon Philippine Aesthetic Arts”). A textile or cloth is a flexible stiched material consisting of a network of natural, artificial fibers often referred to as line or yarn. Wool is developed by spinning raw materials of wool,  flax,  cotton, or other material to produce very long strands. Materials are formed by weaving, knitting,  crocheting,  knotting, or hitting fibers with each other (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Textile). The words fabric and cloth are utilized in textile set up trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile. However , you will find subtle variations in these terms in particular usage.  Textile refers to any materials made of interlacing fibers.  Fabric refers to any materials made through weaving, knitting, spreading, crocheting, or developing that may be used in production of further items (garments, and so forth ).  Cloth may be used synonymously with fabric but generally refers to a finished piece of fabric intended for a specific purpose (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Textile).

Fabric weaving is definitely one among the key household artwork of the hill peoples and among the Mindanao groups like the Bagobos, Mandaya-Mansakas, and Manobos. Deigns manufactured in cloth weaving provide interesting insights around the culture 0f these Philippine groups (Research Journal Volume. VI No . 1 . Pp 198). The southern area of Philippine and Indonesian materials are more splendid than North Luzon highland textiles, and collectors of these are as a result often characterized as clever. The interest in cotton textiles from the north invariably is definitely an offshoot of a desire for the complex and stimulating cultures in the Cordillera Mountains of Upper Luzon. To get the select few who have delved into this field, and who have created a value for the pattern of thinking and behaving of those peoples, it is a privilege to obtain a small piece of this vanishing culture -- a culture associated with bravery, tenacity, intelligence, beauty and harmony with(http://www.tribaltextiles. com). Early on examples of weaving consisted of basketry weaves, knotting and braiding, using plant fibers such as cane (rattan), nito, and bark (rammie). The Indonesian style again strap loom was first considered into use by the surrounding coastal persons (Ilocanos), via where this spread in Abra (Itneg), Kalinga, and the Cagayan valley (Ibanag and Gaddang) towards the east. At this point all these individuals were spirit and ancestor worshippers. When the initially Spanish colonizers arrived in Ilocos in the 1570's they learned that white natural cotton textiles had been widespread. This kind of textiles were probably similar to examples accumulated in Abra during the 19th century. Silk cotton was introduced into Ilocos by Chinese traders during the late Sung dynasty. Ilocano textiles were widely exchanged in most areas among the highlanders, and local preferences designed.  Among the Isneg and Banao in the northern part of the mountains, weaving was by no means adopted. The Itneg, eastern Kalinga, and Gaddang may actually have been the first in line to adopt weaving, but when this occurred is definitely uncertain. The Ifugao, Bontoc, southwestern Kalinga, Lepanto and Kankanay are thought to have implemented weaving relatively recently, most likely only inside the 18th century. Their weaving styles are distinctively several, and this need to indicate the presence of a south-eastern " valley" weaving custom (Issinay), versus the aforementioned north tradition (Ilocano). The Ibaloy and the Ilongot peoples inside the southern highlands did not weave(http://www.tribaltextiles. com). Moreover to plain weave, the northern weavers produce a variety of twill weaves. Textiles happen to be...

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