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Chapter 6 Environmental Pollution Control Steps
While modern day societies encounter growing concern about global environmental problems, developing countries are encountering complex, critical and fast-growing pollution complications of their own. The potent mix of industrialization, metropolitan development and mass ingestion trends can be exacerbated by simply foreign businesses operating with little view for the impact on the local environment. Environmental pollution is more than just a ailment; it is a wider social issue in that pollution has the potential to destroy homes and areas. Pollution danger is also tightly tied to the mode of development in developing countries. Despite this, many developing countries either have never developed environmental pollution control measures, and have not offered adequate rendering structures to make sure that policies work well. During the period of speedy economic progress after the Ww2, Japan knowledgeable a variety of awful environmental complications on a scale unprecedented on the globe. These
environmental problems could be attributed to the prevailing emphasis at the time upon economic expansion and revenue at the expense of public welfare. For this reason, the us government was not willing to pursue environmental tactics. Worsening environmental problems triggered the introduction of numerous victims' groups and turned the tide of public opinion, so that government authorities at the prefectural and countrywide level had been forced to take action. Eventually, after much learning from mistakes, effective approaches for dealing with environmental pollution were put in place and as a result the quality of the environment began to improve. By conveying Japan's activities with respect to the complications caused by the initial reluctance to cope with environmental problems, as well as the success of following environmental projects, it is hoped that we can help prevent worsening health problems in developing countries and promote sound and healthy and balanced social creation. This part presents an overview of the
Desk 6-1 Seven Categories of Polluting of the environment
Category Atmospheric pollution Water pollution Major causes Smoke cigarettes, dust, exhaust fumes, harmful substances (such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide) Polluted spend water, squander fluids (such as petroleum), sludge, household sewage, manure discharge, standard waste, farming chemicals Arsenic, heavy precious metals (especially in agricultural chemicals) Factories, building work, road traffic, trains and aircraft, late-night commercial functions, advertising Production facilities, construction function, road traffic, trains and aeroplanes Upswelling of groundwater, tiny rocks quarrying, fossil fuel mining Wear out fumes, riv contamination, cleanliness facilities, built up sewage, animals farms, and so forth Headaches, insomnia, depression, hearing loss, impaired expansion Dizziness, discomfort, structural damage to homes Structural damage to properties Headaches, soreness Major symptoms Asthma, bronchitis Examples Photochemical smog, " Yokkaichi AsthmaвЂќ Minamata Disease, " Itai-ItaiвЂќ Disease (cadmium poisoning), PCB poisoning Poisoning
Noxious smells, poisoning
Osaka Airport terminal noise Shinkansen (bullet train) vibration Koto Ward, Tokyo
Vibration Surface subsidence Malevolent odors
Sewerage in the Sumida River
Source: Based on the Basic Law for Environmental Polluting of the environment Control.
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Japan's Knowledge in Public Health and Medical Systems
Table 6-2 The History of Environmental Pollution Control Actions The history of environmental air pollution control measures (Iijima 1993) 1 . Ahead of 1868 (before the Edo Era): First protest actions by patients of air pollution 2 . 1869вЂ“1914 (Meiji Era to 1st World War): Emphasis on industrial development several. 1914вЂ“1945 (First World Conflict through to end of Second World War): Emphasis on nation-building 4. 1945вЂ“1954: Pollution becomes an issue in wider society 5. 1955вЂ“1964: Extensive polluting of the environment damage during period of quick industrial progress...