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A comparison of the political and cost-effective effects of Mongol rule in China and Russia

 Comparison of the political and economical associated with Mongol guideline in China and Russian federation Essay

JoanneВ Lau

4/15/15

APWH2

HuthВ

ComparisonВ ofВ theВ politicalВ andВ economicalВ effectsВ ofВ MongolВ ruleВ inВ ChinaВ andВ RussiaВ В

The Mongols were a group of nomads which rose during the early 1200s1 with the help of Genghis Khan.  Through invasions,  parts of Russia,  China,  and Middle Eastern civilizations fell under the control of the Mongols,  but around the early 1400s the Mongol Empire fell.  The Mongol Empire affected its conquered areas politically and economically during its 200 years of great power.  Two of which were China and Russia.  In China,  affected when the Mongols took over,  created the Yuan Dynasty and demanded tribute amongst others.  While in Russia,  the Mongols presented the Golden Horde and had princes who ruled different regions,  purpose being to collect taxes and tribute.  Although the economical influence on China was quite similar to Russia,  the Mongols influenced Russia much less which led to an economic boom,  similarly the political influence on China was more significant in the short term,  the Mongols influenced China much less compared to Russia,  which stayed under Mongol influence for many centuries.  The Mongols economically impacted Russia and China fairly similarly.  China had many goods and raw materials which the Mongols had lacked in the steppes,  and these goods brought wealth to the Mongols2 after they took down the existing empire and replaced it with their own Yuan Dynasty.  In addition to taking the goods and raw materials,  the Mongols taxed the people and demanded tribute to increase economic wealth.  Not surprisingly,  the tax benefited the Mongols who collected the taxes which led to a depletion in the Chinese economy. 3 Russia lacked a surplus of goods,  which leaded to the Mongols simply taxing the populace,  but due to  Thomas Anderson,  ​

" The Mongol Empire in World History. ”​

​

World History Connected. ​

Feb. В 2008. В

​

Robert Guisep​

i,  " ​

The Mongols. ” ​

History World. ​

1992. В В

3

​

" The Mongol Empire in World History. ”​

​

WorldВ HistoryВ Connected. В В

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theВ weatherВ conditions, В whichВ theВ MongolsВ wereВ notВ accommodatedВ to, В princesВ wereВ appointedВ toВ fulfillВ theВ taskВ ofВ taxВ­collection. 4 В UnlikeВ China, В surprisinglyВ Russia'sВ economicВ powerВ skyrocketedВ fromВ theВ amountВ ofВ taxesВ collected, В sinceВ theВ MongolsВ occasionallyВ collectedВ taxesВ fromВ Moscow, В whereВ theВ collectedВ taxesВ wereВ stored. 5В AlthoughВ ChinaВ andВ RussiaВ receivedВ similarВ typesВ ofВ treatmentВ fromВ theВ MongolsВ whereВ theyВ wereВ unableВ toВ controlВ theirВ ownВ economyВ andВ wereВ unwillinglyВ taxed, В bothВ wereВ forcedВ toВ giveВ tributeВ toВ theВ Mongols, В affectingВ bothВ civilizationsВ inВ differentВ ways. В InВ Russia, В theВ harshВ taxesВ theВ peopleВ wereВ forcedВ toВ pay, В ledВ toВ anВ increaseВ inВ serfs. В SinceВ theВ peopleВ wereВ unableВ toВ keepВ upВ withВ theВ taxes, В theyВ becameВ boundВ toВ underВ theВ feudalВ systemВ onВ lands, В workingВ forВ lords. 6В Positively, В theВ taxesВ collectedВ increasedВ Russia'sВ wealth. В InВ China, В theВ taxedВ wereВ directlyВ givenВ toВ theВ Mongols, В resultingВ inВ aВ dropВ inВ theВ economy, В butВ theВ tributeВ takenВ fromВ eachВ civilizationВ wasВ putВ toВ useВ differently. В InВ China, В theВ MongolsВ reinvestedВ inВ theВ moneyВ andВ builtВ (andВ repaired)В roads, В canals, В andВ cities, В allВ withВ thenВ ledВ toВ anВ increaseВ inВ economicВ growth. 7В AlthoughВ theВ MongolsВ hadВ affectedВ bothВ cultures, В theyВ hadВ alsoВ comeВ closeВ toВ ruiningВ eachВ civilization'sВ economy. В В InВ additionВ toВ theВ taxesВ andВ tributes, В theВ MongolsВ increasedВ theirВ economicВ powerВ throughВ theВ tradeВ routes. В GoodsВ andВ rawВ materialsВ likeВ spices, В silkВ andВ gunpowderВ fromВ ChinaВ andВ fursВ fromВ RussiaВ allowedВ theВ MongolsВ toВ tradeВ otherВ civilizationsВ forВ otherВ goods. В ThroughВ thisВ formВ ofВ trading, В theВ MongolsВ managedВ toВ spreadВ alongВ theВ infamousВ plagueВ toВ ChinaВ andВ Russia, В theВ BlackВ DeathВ orВ theВ BubonicВ Plague. 8В SinceВ theВ plagueВ hadВ startedВ inВ China, В theВ MongolsВ tookВ theВ plagueВ withВ themВ withВ theВ goodsВ andВ rawВ materialsВ andВ passedВ itВ alongВ toВ theВ MiddleВ EasternВ

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Bibliography: В FebruaryВ

2008В В (12В Apr. В 2015). В

http://history­world.org/mongol_empire.htm​

> В (12В Apr. В 2015). В

http://www.fsmitha.com/h3/h11mon.htm​

> В (13В Apr. В 2015).

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